Primary Sources

Investigation Branch File, Series A402, item W245 (National Archives of Australia)

Fleming, W.M., Australia in peace and war (Melbourne: The Lothian Book Publishing Company, 1917)

Lane, Ernest Henry (‘Jack Cade’), Dawn to dusk: reminisces of a rebel. Brisbane: William Brooks and Company, 1939 [Online at, accessed 29/11/2018]


The Brisbane Courier (Brisbane, Queensland: 1864-1933) [Online at, accessed 29/11/2018]

The Telegraph (Brisbane, Queensland: 1872-1947) [Online at ], accessed 29/11/2018

The Daily Standard (Brisbane, Queensland: 1912-1936) [Online at, accessed 29/11/2018]

Truth (Brisbane, Queensland: 1900-1954) [Online at, accessed 29/11/2018]

The Worker (Brisbane, Queensland: 1890-1955) [Online at, accessed 29/11/2018]

Secondary Sources

Andrews, J., ‘Sacrifice and identity: The Australian conscription debate, 1916’ Central States Speech Journal, 22, 2 (1971): 110-117

Archer, Robin, ‘Labour and Liberty: The Origins of the Conscription Referendum’ in Robin Archer, Joy Damousi, Murray Goot and Sean Scalmer (eds), The Conscription Conflict and the Great War (Melbourne: Monash University Publishing, 2016), pp. 37-66

Beaumont, Joan, “Unitedly we have fought’: Imperial loyalty and the Australian war effort’ International Affairs, 90, 2 (2014): 397-412

Beaumont, Joan, Broken Nation: Australians in the Great War 1914-1918 (Sydney: Allen and Unwin, 2013)

Evans, Raymond, Loyalty and Disloyalty: Social Conflict on the Queensland Homefront, 1914-1918 (Sydney: Allen and Unwin, 1987)

Fewster, Kevin, ‘Expression and Suppression: Aspects of Military Censorship in Australia during the Great War’ PhD thesis, University of New South Wales, 1980 [Online at, accessed 29/11/2018]

Fitzgerald, R., From 1915 to the early 1980’s: A history of Queensland (St. Lucia: University of Queensland Press, 1984)

Forward, Roy, & Reece, Bob, Conscription in Australia (St. Lucia: University of Queensland Press, 1968)

Gammage, Bill, The Broken Years: Australian soldiers in the Great War (Melbourne: Penguin Books, 1975)

Hughes, Aneurin, Billy Hughes: Prime Minister and controversial founding father of the Australian Labor Party (Milton: John Wiley, 2005)

Jauncey, L., The story of conscription in Australia (South Melbourne: Macmillan, 1968)

Lewis, Brian, Our War: A view of World War 1 from inside an Australian family (Melbourne: Melbourne University Press, 1980)

Main, J. M., Conscription: the Australian Debate, 1901-1970 (Melbourne: Cassell, 1970)

Murphy, D.J., T.J. Ryan: A Political Biography (St. Lucia: University of Queensland Press, 1975)

Murphy, D.J., ‘Thomas Joseph Ryan’ in D.J. Murphy and R.B. Joyce (eds), Queensland Political Portraits 1859-1962 (St. Lucia: University of Queensland Press, 1978), pp. 263-292

Niall, Brenda, Mannix (Melbourne: Text Publishing, 2015)

Rickertt, Jeff, The Conscientious Communist: Ernie Lane and the Rise of Australian Socialism (Melbourne: Australian Scholarly Publishing, 2016)

Scott, Ernest, ‘The First Conscription Referendum’ and ‘The Second Conscription Referendum’ in his Australia During the War: The Official History of Australia in the War of 1914-1918 (Sydney: Angus and Robertson, 1941), vol. 11, pp. 320-62, 297-430 [Online at, accessed 29/11/2018]

Shute, Carmel, ‘Heroines and heroes: Sexual mythology in Australia 1914-1918’ in Joy Damousi and Marilyn Lake (eds), Gender and War: Australians at war in the twentieth century (Melbourne: Cambridge University Press, 1995), pp. 23-42

Smith, F. B., The Conscription Plebiscites in Australia, 1916-17 (Melbourne: Victorian Historical Association, 1974)

Summy, Hilary, ‘Margaret Thorp and the Anti-Conscription Campaign in Brisbane 1915-1917’ Hecate 32, 1 (2006): pp. 59-76 [Online at;dn=200609794;res=IELAPA, accessed 29/11/2018]

Vodola, Max, ‘Daniel Mannix: The man, the myth, the mystery’ Australasian Catholic Record 95,1 (2018): 66-82

Presentations and Research Guides

Peter Stanley, “Our life goes on the same’: the Great War at home’ Parliamentary Library lecture, 11 November 2015. Available at:

National Archives of Australia, ‘Conscription referendums, 1916 and 1917 – Factsheet 161’, Retrieved from‐sheets/fs161.aspx