Kristian Ireland has carried out a number of oral history interviews with adults in Australia who migrated from or who belong to migrant families originating in Russia, Ukraine, or the former Soviet Union. The cultural memory and group identity of eastern Slavic diaspora are maintained in part through an integration and expression of historical knowledge, acquired by individual or family experience. It is relevant to provide some preliminary reflections on historical events and experiences having influenced the cultural memory of the eastern Slavic diaspora, and to outline some social features of the groups. It is also relevant to consider diasporic cultural memory in relation to the environment in which it is operative, being primarily the sociocultural milieu of anglophone Australia in this case.