The links of the Olympian Gods with both the wild and domesticated animals of Ancient Greece have recently become a subject of study. Olympian gods with animal features such as horns, however, have gone largely unexamined. This presentation will discuss my thesis research into two male Olympian gods with ram horns: Apollo Karneios and Zeus Ammon. Through an analysis of the mythology, iconography and cult traditions of these deities, I explore the religious and cultural meaning of ram horns within the Apolline and Zeus cults, and across the ancient Greek world. This will include the relationship between agriculture, herding and masculinity; the interplay of civic, rural and pastoral values in ancient Greek religion; and the influence of Egypt, the Balkans and the Ancient Near East in the ancient Greek world.

Milestone Seminar: Oskar Fletcher