In the middle of her toilette the Babylon queen Semiramis received word of a rebellion in her empire. Without a second thought the queen raced off to subdue the revolt, leaving one half of her hair braided and the other half unfinished and hanging loose. This story neatly encapsulates the dual nature of Semiramis as a figure embodying both masculine traits of military prowess and the femininity associated with her queenship and Oriental licentiousness. This presentation will discuss how the dual nature of Semiramis is expressed through this story in literary and iconographical sources from antiquity to the early modern period.