For two hundred years scholars have argued that early fourth-century Athens had very little public revenue with which to fund its military campaigns. The central tenet of this argument is the belief that Athens was not able to generate annual surplus revenues after its defeat in the Peloponnesian War. Much of the blame for this is levelled at the Athenian dēmos. This paper argues the opposite: that Athens did, in fact, produce annual surplus revenues from as early as the beginning of the fourth century, and that the dēmos was able to anticipate, plan for and successfully fund its military campaigns. The paper traces the development of Athenian revenue-raising strategies across the three decades and reconsiders the importance of each to the funding of Athenian warfare. The paper concludes that the Athenian dēmos was proactive, innovative and forward thinking in its financial decision-making regarding military funding during this period.

About Classics and Ancient History Seminars

Event details

  • The seminars take place at 4pm, in the Michie Building (09), Room 536
  • Seminars are also on Zoom. Send an email to Duncan Keenan-Jones ( for the link.
  • Upcoming seminars can be found here.
  • Please be aware that we are still operating under Covid-19 regulations during public events. Masks are no longer required at UQ locations - however, UQ strongly encourages mask wearing when physical distancing is not possible. UQ strongly encourages all campus attendees to be up to date with vaccinations. And finally, those who are feeling unwell, have been diagnosed with COVID-19 in the previous 7 days or have been in close contact with a confirmed case in the last 7 days, are asked not to attend this seminar.
  • For those attending in person, if you would like to join us for drinks and/or dinner afterwards at UQ’s St. Lucy's from 5:15 pm, please RSVP by email to Duncan Keenan-Jones ( by 9am on the day of the seminar.
  • Please also contact Duncan Keenan-Jones should you have questions about the event.

The Friends of Antiquity, an alumni organisation of the University, runs its own series of public lectures, which take place on Sunday afternoons. The Friends’ program for can be found at